Basic Wastewater Treatment for Collection System Operators
Overview of WWC for WW Treatment Operators
Iron and Manganese Removal
The Distribution System: Protect your Water from Source to Tap
Introduction to Membranes for Water Treatment
Basic Water Operations
Introduction to Water Utility Personnel – Students will be able to discuss responsibilities to water utility personnel, public water systems, operator licensing, Community water systems, and regulations.
State Requirements – Students will be able to describe how a water employee can demonstrate good public relations.
Water Quality- Upon completion of this module, students will be able to describe the attributes of waster from various sources.
Ground Water Production – Students will be able to describe how ground water is made usable.
Surface Water Production-Upon completion of this module the students will be able to describe how surface water is made usable.
Disinfection – Students will understand the process for the disinfection of water.
Sedimentation Process – Upon completion students will have a good understanding of the purpose and function of the sedimentation process, different types of clarifiers, function of the different components of a clarifier, expectations of clarifiers, necessary operations and maintenance of clarifiers, Imhoff tank operations, and analysis of sedimentation process, sedimentation mathematics, and safety practices of the sedimentation process.
Distribution – Students will be able to describe the common methods of water delivery to the public following water treatment.
Safety – Students will be able to discuss how a water employee can take proper safety measures.
Wastewater Treatment Goals
The Operator and The Law
Domestic Wastewater Treatment
The Collection System
Preliminary Treatment and Flow Measurement
Activated Sludge Process
Fixed Film Treatment
Introduction to Wastewater Collection-Students will be able to discuss the sources of wastewater, describe the characteristics of wastewater, list the concerns of receiving industrial waste, and the purpose of wastewater treatment.
Students will discuss the functions of the TCEQ, list the agencies that have shared authority over wastewater collection, list requirements for project submittals to the state, and discuss the EPA proposed regulations for collection systems.
Collection System Design – Students will explain how design goals are met and recognize the components of the collection system.
Construction – Students will list the considerations used in the construction planning process, describe the process for a safe and proper excavation, discuss pipe selection, installation, the use of manholes, new system testing requirements, and identify alternative wastewater systems.
Lift Stations – Students will be able to identify the different designs in lift stations, describe pumps used, describe motors used, summarize procedures for inspection of lift stations, explain techniques used for odor control, and describe methods for measuring flow.
Maintenance and Operation – Students will be able to identify procedures to reduce infiltration and inflow, describe line maintenance procedures, the process of making a line repair, factors considered in manhole repair, describe equipment used in the field, and identify hazards in the collection system.
Collection System Safety – Students will be able to identify components to an effective safety program, safety regulations, issues relating to confined spaces, explain electrical safety practices, excavation safety, work zone traffic safety, and aspects of an emergency action plan.
Industrial Waste Monitoring – Students will be able to discuss the requirements of a national pretreatment program, identify the characteristics of industrial waste, describe the analysis and sampling of a pretreatment program, and list the common sections included in a wastewater system use ordinance.
Collection System Management– Students will be able to describe the typical organizational structure of a system, list common records and reports used in collections system management, recognize typical service center components, and discuss factors in disaster planning.
Calculations – Students will be able to calculate the area of square, rectangular and Circles, solve volume problems, utilize conversion factors, chemical dosage problems, detention time of tanks and pipes, solve quantity, velocity, and area problems, calculate gallons per minute, horsepower, affinity law, speed of pump and pulley ratios, and solve a calculation project.
Introductions and Overview – Students will introduce themselves and explain their certifications and experience.
Introduction to Wastewater Treatment – Students will be able to discuss the essentials of preliminary treatment and flow measurement.
State Requirements – Students will understand state requirements regarding wastewater treatment.
Characteristics of Wastewater – Students will know the sources of wastewater, the characteristics of wastewater, the cycles of decay, and flow measurement.
Industrial Wastewater Monitoring – Students will know the elements of a national pretreatment program, characteristics of industrial wastewater, the analysis and sampling methods, and common sections in a wastewater.
Preliminary and Primary Treatment – Students will understand preliminary treatment techniques, primary treatment process, and operation of an Imhoff tank
Secondary Treatment and Biological Treatment – Students will know importance of cells in wastewater treatment, identify organisms in wastewater treatment, and discuss the environmental conditions necessary for proper treatment of wastewater.
Suspended Growth Systems: Ponds – Students will be able to discuss various types of ponds systems, explain the treatment process, and describe the factors that influence pond operations, explain the proper operation of a pond system, and discuss factors of analyzing ponds.
Activated Sludge Process – Students will be able to describe the activated sludge process, discuss the five (5) critical components of an activated sludge process, explain mass balance in the activated sludge process, and describe controls of the activated sludge process.
Sewage Treatment Ponds – Upon completion of this chapter students will have an understanding of the history and concepts of a wastewater treatment pond system, description of different ponds classifications, different methods of treatment pond pre-treatment, operation and maintenance requirements of different pond systems, explain the methods of process analysis of pond systems, calculate parameters measured for determination of pond efficiency, proper record keeping for pond systems, and safety and hazards of operating a pond system.
Trickling Filters and Rotating Biological Filters – Students will be able to discuss the operation of trickling filters and rotating biological contractors.
Disinfection of Wastewater-Upon completion of these module students will have a good understanding of importance and purpose of disinfection wastewater, description of the fundamentals of chlorination, different chlorination methods, chemistry of chlorination and de-chlorination, alternative disinfection processes, wastewater reuse methods, and rules and regulations of chlorination.
Process Control – Students will work with instructor in completing step by step math problems relating to disinfection of wastewater, activated sludge process control problems.
Laboratory Control and Determination – Students will be able to identify various sampling processes, discuss the common laboratory analysis performed in the treatment process, and describe the unit specific laboratory analysis.
Records and Safety Practices– Students will know how to identify the records kept at a wastewater plant and discuss safety practices at a wastewater plant.
Calculations – Students will be able to calculate the square footage of squares, rectangles, and circles. Solve volume problems, wastewater composition problems, primary clarification problems, and solve treatment problems.